Indian Classical 

Shastriya Sangeet - Vocal (for Junior) : Part - I

Raaga Bilaval
Bilawal is a raga and basic thaat (musical mode) in Hindustani classical music. It is equivalent to the Western Ionian mode (major scale) and contains the notes S R G m P D N S' (see swara for explanation). The pitches of Bilawal thaat are all shuddha, or natural. Flat (komal) or sharp (tivra) of pitches always occurs with reference to the interval pattern in Bilawal thaat.

 

Aroha and Avaroha
Aroha
Sa Re Ga,ma Pa, Dha Ni Sa
Avroha
Sa Ni Dha, Pa, ma Ga,Re Sa

 

Vadi and Samavadi
Vadi:Dha
Samavadi: Ga
Pakad or Chalan
Ga Re, Ga Ma Dha Pa, Ma Ga, Ma Re Sa

 

Samay (Time)
Morning first prahara of the day

 

 

Raaga Alhaiya Bilaval
Alhaiya Bilaval is a Hindustani classical raga. It is the most commonly performed raga of a large group of ragas that are mainly based on a scale more or less identical to the western major scale. For this reason, that scale itself is known as the Bilaval Thaat. It is often simply referred to as Bilawal, although in the 17th century Alhaiya and Bilawal may have been separate ragas
 

Arohana & Avarohana
Arohana
S GR G P ND N S'
Avarohana S' ND hn D P M G MR S

 

Vadi & Samavadi
Vadi dha
Samavadi ga
Komal Swar: N (Vakra) in Avroh
Varjit Swar: M in Aaroh

 

Samay (Time)
Morning, around 6AM - 9AM


Raaga Yaman 

Yaman (also known as Emaan in West Asia and 'Kalyani' in Carnatic classical music) is a heptatonic (Sampurna)Hindustani Classical raga of Kalyan Thaat. Yaman emerged from the parent musical style of Kalyan, itself a style of classical Carnatic musical tradition called thaat. Considered to be one of the most fundamental ragas in the Hindustani Classical tradition, it is thus often one of the first ragas taught to students. In the context of traditional standards of performance, Yaman ragas are considered suitable to play at any time of the day, but they are traditionally performed in the evening.
 

Yaman 
Thaat Kalyan       
Related ragas    Yaman Kalyan       
Aaroha              Sa Re Ga Ma(Kori Ma/trivra Ma i.e. Ma#) Pa Dha Ni Sa       
Avroha              Sa Ni Dha Pa Ma((Kori Ma/trivra Ma i.e. Ma#)) Ga Re Sa       
Pakad               Ni-Re-Ga-/Re-Ma(Kori Ma/trivra Ma i.e. Ma#)-Pa-/Ma(Kori Ma/trivra

                        Ma i.e. Ma#-Pa-Dha/Dha-Ni-Sa'(upper octave)       
Vaadi                Ga       
Samvaadi         Ni  

    
Prahar (Time)

Night (Pratham Prahar)    

 

 
Raaga Bhopali

Bhopali, also known as Bhoop, Bhoopali or Bhupali, is a Hindustani classical raga. It is a pentatonic scale (uses 5 notes in ascending and descending scale). Most of the songs in this raga are based on Bhakti rasa.


Aroha & Avaroha
The scale of Bhopali uses only Shuddh swaras.
Aroha (ascent): Sa Re Ga Pa Dha Sa
Avaroha (descent): Sa Dha Pa Ga Re Sa

 

Vadi & Samavadi
Vadi
Gandhar - Ga (here-after G but not to be confused with note G of western music notations)
Samavadi
Dhaivat - Dha (here-after D but not to be confused with note D of western music notations)

 

Pakad & Chalan
The Pakad (catchphrase that often helps in identifying a raga) is:
1. S R G R S D1 S R G
2. S R G R S D1 P1
3. P1 D1 S R G R G
4. S R P G
5. G R S R G P
6. G P D P D D S’
7. P G P D P D S’ R’ G’ R’ G’
8. G’ R’ S’ D P G R S

 

 

(Taal) Kaherwa
Keharwa or Kaharva is one of the famous talas of Hindustani music. It is also one of the common taals in North India, used in various popular compositions of Indian music. Keherwa has many variations including dhumaali, "bhajani", and qawwali.


Arrangement
Keharwa is an 8-beat pattern used in ragas. It has eight beats in two equal divisions (vibhag). The period between every two beats is equal. The first beat out of 8 beats is called "sam" and the fifth beat out of 8 beats is called "khali". Sam is the Ist Division. Khali is the IInd Division. To exhibit the Keherwa, the audience claps on the first beat and then shows that fifth beat is waived (not clapped).

 

 

 

(Taal) Teen Taal

Teen tal is a very famous tal. Every tabla student learn this tal and Kayda Palta is learnt to make his or her hand perfect for playing tabla with music and dance.
Teen tal has 16 matras (beats) When it is written on paper it has four part of 4 beats. First beat place is called 'Sam' 5th beat is called 2nd taali 9th beat is 'Khali ' and 13th beat is another taali means 3rd Taali. We can show the Teen taal by Taali or claps and putting finger on hand. 

 

Dha     Dhin      Dhin       Dha      |     Dha      Dhin     Dhin     Dha    | 
x                                                     2
Dha     Tin         Tin         Ta       |     Ta        Dhin     Dhin     Dha    |
0                                                     3   

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